Educação ambiental dialógica e representações sociais da água em cultura sertaneja nordestina: uma contribuição à consciência ambiental em Irauçuba - CE (Brasil).
Figueiredo, João Batista de Albuquerque
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This thesis presents a research-intervention based in the dialogic environmental education in the molds of freirean pedagogy under an echo-relational perspective. The investigation intends to deal a local-global problem: the water as a privileged place in which we joined a discussion on the environmental crisis that possesses singularities in the cultures, but that happens in world scale. It seems in the urgent in the context that we have met, to contemplate about the potential of those social presentations, originated information from the common sense that they show in the language, in the values and in the attitudes as space-key for an environmental education which intends, politics and socially, critic. The research objectified the rising of the social representations of subject -keys water of Irauçuba people, interior of Ceará , in the Brazilian Northeast. People who lives process, characterized as carries of an oral culture residually. We used, in the research, interviews, ethnographies observations and oral history. We worked data regarded with the theory of the social representations as a procedure that conceives values acting and language as working agents, allowing contributing for the popular point of view comprehension, of the movements of present facings in the popular courses in the face of social dealings for the water. As results we had: present critical knots in the sense way, in the required course, of popular groups associated to the city neighborhoods. Marks of the fight are evidence by water: water places in the neighborhood of water house; the city water container and deficit distribution in Cruzeiro neighborhood; the defective weather vane in Gil Bastos , the well piping system and water which arrives every three days in Downtown neighborhood, the liquid feces and sewers in Esperança neighborhood, the station of water treatment in Açude neighborhood. A tissue of social representations of water with the following categories: the invisibility of water problem and lacking visibility in the culture of silence and in the popular resistance; the fissure among lived the thought and praxis in the relationship with the water, naturalization, utilitarianism and water capitalization, divinity and water unending, individual noting and social utility of the water implying in its situation-limits and in the viable ultimate stuff. As part of the process we had the intervention from Forum constitution, from the course itself and from popular movements instituted along the work. As (in)conclusions we have observed confirmation of our previous idea evidence perspective that an environmental education to be effective, reflections-actions concerning social environmental need, necessarily, to be built in partnership with local popular knowledge in a talkative way and echo-related, possible of rebounding in real transformations. The intervention stage reached to link the collective perception of local social constructions on water problem to the politics context and criticizer of Cearense Forum Coexistence with Semi-Arid.