Hymenoptera parasitoides associados à Geometridae (Lepidoptera) em quatro áreas da Fazenda Canchim (Embrapa Pecuária Sudeste, São Carlos, SP) com ênfase nos Microgastrinae (Braconidae) e Campopleginae (Ichneumonidae)
Souza, Carolina da Silva e
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Larvae of Geometridae (Lepidoptera) were collected with entomological umbrella during 13 months in Agrosilvopastoral System and Reforestation at Canchim Farm (Embrapa Pecuária Sudeste, São Carlos, SP) area, and maintained in laboratory until the emergence of adults or of its parasitoids. Hymenopterous parasitoids of the subfamilies Microgastrinae (Braconidae) and Campopleginae (Ichneumonidae) were obtained from collected larvae, and during 10 months were also captured by Malaise traps in a fragment of Semideciduous Forest, Reforestation, Agrosilvopastoral System and Sorghum crop, in the same area of Farm. In the Agrosilvopastoral System the Geometridae larvae were collected in four plant species and in the Reforestation area, in 12 species. The greatest abundance and species richness of hosts were obtained in the Agrosilvopastoral System; the Reforestation had the greatest number of genera of Geometridae. In the Reforestation the most abundant genus of Geometridae was Macaria (Ennominae); in this site, the host plant with the highest number of larvae collected were Aegiphila sellowiana. In the Agrosilvopastoral System, the most abundant species of Geometridae was Eupithecia sp. (Larentiinae); in this site, Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan (Mimosaceae) was the host that had the highest number of collected larvae and parasitized larvae. In the Reforestation, the rate of parasitism over Geometridae larvae was higher than the recorded in the Agrosilvopastoral System. Most of the species of parasitoids obtained from larvae that occurred in Agrosilvopastoral System and Reforestation, were captured by Malaise traps. The genres that parasitized the largest number of Geometridae larvae were Glyptapanteles (Microgastrinae) and Charops (Campopleginae). The parasitoids obtained with Malaises generally were more abundant in the Reforestation, and the most abundant specie in this area was Cotesia sp. (Braconidae, Microgastrinae), and in the Agrosilvopastoral System was Campoletis sp. (Ichneumonidae, Campopleginae). For Microgastrinae fauna sampled with Malaise, the area with highest species richness index was the Reforestation, and the fragment of Forest showed the highest value for evenness. For Campopleginae fauna, also obtained with Malaise trap, the Agrosilvopastoral System had the highest species richness and greatest evenness. Was observed different patterns in the distribution of the abundance of hymenopterous parasitoids and Geometridae larvae in different environments, given the same climatic conditions.