Ruralismo pedagógico e escolanovismo em Goiás na primeira metade do século XX: o oitavo Congresso Brasileiro de Educação
Araújo, Jaqueline Veloso Portela de
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The present research defends the idea what in Goias, on first half of the 20th century, the project of education rural comprised the juxtaposition of new school and ruralism, which aimed to develop a training profile adapted to the development of production processes in the field, making schooling by a habitus that minimized the rural exodus and integrate ideals of conservation and modernity. It was documentary research investigated the history of education in rural Goias, taking as a main source of analysis, Proceedings of the Eighth Brazilian Congress of Education, 1942, seeking to understand how the discourses of ruralism and new school supported the formation of a man adapted to development of the Brazilian nation in the years 1930- 1945, highlighting the centrality of work with the land in the educational process. The context includes the search time Goias was located in the area of agricultural expansion in Brazil and who was the object of the colonization project of the Vargas government, called the March to the West. At this juncture, there was the building and transfer of the state capital to the city of Goiania, ritual marked by a symbolic construction, which involved among other things, the Cultural Baptism of the new capital and the realization of this event organized by the Brazilian Association of Education.