Resistência e seus processos educativos na comunidade negra rural Quilombola do Fojo - BA
Larchert, Jeanes Martins
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This paper focuses on the practice of resistance of the maroon organization in the community of Fojo in Itacaré Bahia, and its educational processes. It aims at understanding how these educational processes have contributed to the daily experiences of the constituent elements of resistance in the black community, which are ancestry, memory and identity. This study is theoretically based on popular education authors, especially Paulo Freire, Ernani Maria Fiori and Petronilla Beatriz Gonçalves e Silva. It is also based on popular culture and epistemology as discussed by Enrique Dussel and Boaventura de Souza Santos, in order for us to understand the maroons in their epistemology of resistance. The ethnographic research method was supported by collaborative knowledge. The inclusion in the community took place on two different moments: from March to September 2011 and from April to May 2012. 33 people from eight families participated in the research. The data collected during the insertion period, recorded in a field diary, were taken from speeches, gestures, sceneries, Association meetings, the living-room, the kitchen, the backyard, the yard front and side of the house, the way of access to the houses, the classroom, the area in front of the school, the riverside. We also interviewed six locals. The data indicate that the families daily practices, the households organization, the relationship with nature, the meaning of women to the community and the extent of territory beyond the geographical borders reveal the existence of ancestral ethos and structure epistemological and historical strategies of resistance in the black community and their educational processes. The research points to three possible ways of analyzing the educational processes in relation to maroon resistance: the existential household, the epistemology of nature and the community territory. Besides presenting and discussing such processes, we also try to establish possible dialogues between the education processes of the community and those of the local school. We understand that men and women in the maroon community have the school as a place for the strengthening of their identity territories.