Perspectiva CTS em estágios curriculares em espaços de divulgação científica: contributos para a formação inicial de professores de Ciências e Biologia
Prudêncio, Christiana Andrea Vianna
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In today's society, the increasing integration of Science, Technology and its products in the life of the citizen demands that he be scientifically literate, able not only to understand these issues but make conscious use of its products, taking position autonomously and critique about them. Whereas the school is still the largest area of education systematized, it is in this space that much of the population will acquire the knowledge necessary to function in the world. However, our model of teaching is still highly introductory and marked by the transmission of decontextualized knowledge and, for that, has not cooperated effectively to form the citizen that the current society needs. This form of teaching usually reaches the Degree Courses, forming a professional within a single and totalitarian conception of science, which invariably will be passed on to their students. Seeking to build with the undergraduates another way to think of science, technology and its relations with society, this research conducted an insertion activity in the discipline of Supervised Stage II, that in Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus / Bahia, is exclusively devoted to spaces of Non-Formal Education, using either the assumptions of scientific literacy, STS curricular perspective and later the Freire s ideas to build another model of science education that takes into consideration the situations of exclusion and helps to fight against the inequalities of Brazilian society. The objectives of this research were to identify theoretical and methodological elements of these theoretical references in educational practices developed by undergraduates, organized in the form of extension projects; to verify possible changes in their conceptions about teaching and science in this training context and to investigate how undergraduates recognize the possibilities of incorporating these references in the context of Formal and Non-Formal Education. The interviews with undergraduates, as well as the projects developed by them reveal that there is still great resistance to a science education that considers nonscientific aspects such as socials, economics, cultural, political etc., and although some recognize that this way of teaching has space within the non-Formal Education, the image of Formal Education that they have, does not allow them to consider innovations such as a more integrated education in this space. However, many undergraduates believes the insertion of STS perspective into the classroom at all levels, and also aspire a more humanized teaching and connected to the real context within the university itself. Experiences such as these show that innovation, creativity and real life itself can be incorporated into teaching practice of these future teachers, since they are formed in this way.