Tecnocracia capitalista: fundamentos e implicações para a educação
Santos, Flávio Reis dos
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The central objective of this study is to clarify the technocratic formulations used by capitalism through the use of technical and scientific knowledge of the material world to intervene in the institutional structures of society with a view to organisation of socioeconomic system, especially in times of crises. Study the technocratic in the different historical contexts propositions involving the structures of society, the State and education in capitalist reality demanded theoretical references of sociology, economics, education, economic sociology, political economy, history and economics of education. We restrict our analysis to the compendium of universe theories that we believe are the more substantial for the realization of research, in order to identify the principles and/or foundations which characterized the technocratic proposals to the directors of the company and its implications for education. We divided the study in four different moments: in the first stage, we resorted to the writings of Saint Simon and Thorstein Veblen to characterize the technocracy in their socio-political aspects; in the second stage, we focus our analysis on the studies of Max Weber and the propositions of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol for expressing politicaladministrative character of the technocracy; in the third stage we analyze the theses of John Keynes and theories of Theodore Schultz to express political and economic purpose of interventionist technocracy; in the fourth stage, we examine criticisms and proposals of August Von Hayek and Milton Friedman to characterize the technocracy in his liberal political and economic disposition. We conclude that the fundamentals technocratic constitute the set of devices and strategies rationally constructed by highly skilled intellectuals in their fields of expertise to mediate, monitor, control and direct the society and their relationship dynamics, considering aspects and economic, political and social conditions in accordance with the needs determined by the historical realities that characterize the capitalist universe.