Auto-eficácia e qualidade de vida em sujeitos com dor crônica
Silva, Mariana Souza e
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Chronic pain in various areas limits people's lives since it results on a reduction in thelevel of quality of life, disability and suffering. To evaluate and measure the perception of pain considering the complexity of this phenomenon is necessary a proper management. Thus, the evaluation of self-efficacy beliefs and quality of life are important for scientific research and the clinic since it allow to acess the characteristics of individuals with chronic pain, therefore develop strategies for their management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pain, perceived by the individuals beliefs of self-efficacy and levels of quality of life in subjects with chronic pain. The specific objectives were: to characterize the participants with chronic pain their demographic information, the characterists at the perceived pain (location, medical diagnosis and pain intensity), to identify the self-efficacy beliefs of participants in with chronic pain, to identify the levels of quality of life in participants with chronic pain. To relate chronic pain levels at chronic pain with perceived selfefficacy beliefs and quality of life. Method: This is a cross-sectional study. It has been used: a questionnaire to identify socio-demographic aspects; the Self-Efficacy Scale for Chronic Pain; a 11-point Likert scale (0-10) to measure the intensity of pain and an instrument for assessing quality of life, WHOQOL-bref. Data collection was performed Family Health Unit of one city São Paulo state, Brazil. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee UFSCar. We develop an exploratory analysis for the collects data and applied the Spearman correlation coefficient to correlate the variables of interest. Results: The sample is made by 95 individuals with 55 years old average age and of females (80%), and low back pain, as the pain of higher prevalence. The average pain intensity was found to be 6.9, the average level of quality of life was 56.31, the psychological domain was most affected; and the average score of self-efficacy beliefs was 185.47 the area of pain control was the most affected. The results showed a negative correlation between pain intensity, selfefficacy beliefs and quality of life, which may indicate that the higher intensity of perceived pain, the less self-efficacy beliefs and the level of quality of life the individuals sampled. It was also noted that self-efficacy beliefs are positively correlated with the quality of life, which may indicate that the higher the self-efficacy beliefs, the better the quality of life. Conclusion: It is We emphasized that the findings of this study show consistent with the results of other research indicating that selfefficacy beliefs can influence the perception of pain and consequently the quality of life of individuals affected by chronic pain.