Caracterização da indústria de instrumentos musicais no estado de São Paulo: aspectos sócio/econômicos, de manufatura e de inovação
Delgado, Sven Schafers
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This study aimed to characterize aspects of manufacturing, innovation and socio/economic data from the Musical Instruments Industry (MII) in the state of São Paulo in the period 2003- 2008. The study was justified because the so called "entertainment industry", especially the "music industry" has brought substantive economic and social gains. It was aimed to contribute to the understanding of the structure and size of the productive chain of the music economy in Brazil, particularly through the analysis of MII in the state of São Paulo. Data analysis was primarily qualitative since the research was an exploratory and descriptive type. Data from the MII were obtained from two sources: (a) a secondary, drawn from public governmental databases (MDIC/SECEX/DEPLA and ALICE-WEB) and private associative entities (ANAFIMA and ABEMUSICA) and (b) other primary research, produced through non-probabilistic and non-parametric sample, conducted with population N = 26 companies, producing/building traditional musical instruments in the state of Sao Paulo until the year 2008. The field study, type survey was used to obtain data from the population in the period of December 2008 to January 2009 with the following instruments: a semi-structured questionnaire (electronic/printed) and informal visits (observations and field diaries). Elapsed phase of data collection, the raw data were processed and analyzed via spreadsheets with Excel software, to then be converted into frequency tables and relevant graphs. The analytical methods used were based on descriptive statistics and descriptive and exploratory analysis. The proposed objectives for socio/economics, manufacturing and product innovation aspects have been met. The results indicate that the MII in the State of São Paulo is composed of Micro, Small and Medium companies with: (1) an innovative low rate of innovation provided by the lack of investment in R&D; (2) an absence of forms of cooperation in innovation product and (3) a lack of information about Manufacturing Support Systems. The research also indicates that brazilian national public policies are rare and do not support a more competitive MII at the national or even global scope. This research helps to better understand the MII in the State of São Paulo, and can help formulate policies and actions that may leverage its development and progress.