A constituição dos conceitos de ego e objeto na metapsicologia freudiana
Bomfim, Thiago Henrique
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The prospect of submitting the concepts of ego and object to an investigation capable of detecting its conditions of possibility, its guiding principles and its methods, becomes an important tool for elucidating the Freudian analysis of subjectivity. Therefore, this dissertation aims at providing the necessary conceptual fundaments for a more critical and cohesive view of these concepts and analyzing the way we can find some ambiguities throughout its metapsychological construction. Regarding the concept of ego, we addressed its theoretical importance in initial construction of Freud s theory of defense, passing on to its partial ostracism and return , respectively in The interpretation of dreams and in the first papers on the theory of narcissism, and eventually to the topical reformulation which took place in The ego and the id, published in 1923, and the final Freud´s papers. In turn, the concept of object is central in the Freudian theory of sexuality, since Three essays on the theory of sexuality (1905), paper in which the concept of drive [Trieb] is introduced, and from whose fundaments all ulterior metapsychological developments set out. Considering the relations established with key-notions of metapsychology, and the critical presentation of the guiding elements from which one can apprehend the constitution of the concepts of ego and object in Freudian theory, we can conclude that both are important pillars that support the psychoanalytical knowledge and it is possible to examine relevant theoretical impasses in his metapsychology.