Reminiscência e dialética no diálogo Fedro de Platão
Müller, Nestor Reinoldo
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This dissertation aims to investigate, in Phaedrus text, the concepts of recollection and of dialectic, in order to explore some hypothesis of possible relation between them. The inquiry of the first concept is accomplished in the second section of the dialogue, where recollection reveals itself as an experience of access to the essential realities on the intelligible level. The research discriminates three aspects of recollection and seeks to analyze their implications to the main question represented by the connections between the sensible and the intelligible levels. The study of dialectic proceeds from de distinction among a wider and original sense of the word, denoting the conversation through questions and answers on any one subject, and the more precise and systematic sense developed by Plato, signifying the operation of synthesis and analysis. The research examines the entire dialog but privileges the six descriptions of dialectical technical procedures that can be found in the third section, presented as a new method to a real rhetorical art. Giving attention to some signs of approximation and some fields of convergence between recollection and dialectic, the dissertation raises four hypothesis aiming at possible intersections between the two concepts.