A infecção pelo HIV em São Carlos: Um estudo do banco de dados do Programa Municipal de DST/AIDS de 1987 a 2010
Vinhoti, Danilo Sergio
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The AIDS epidemic in Brazil has been characterized, in recent years, by an increase in the number of cases in small and medium sized cities. São Carlos, medium sized city in São Paulo State, has a database of people registered in the Municipal Program of STD/AIDS, since 1987. Therefore, the main goal of this research was to analyze the AIDS epidemic in the city of São Carlos, from 1987 to 2010, to identify trends in the epidemic and to prepare a user s profile of the Municipal Program of STD/AIDS participating in this research. To do so, stratified and secondary information were obtained from the database of users, registered from 1987 to 2010, where the subjects could not be identified, considering the variables: age, gender, education, exposure, marital status, year of death and "HIV x AIDS cases". The results showed that, unlike the data observed in other studies, the trend in São Carlos is the increase of incidence in men whom currently represent 65% of the users registered in this database. The most prevalent age group was 20-29 years with 40.91% of the cases. The most observed education level was the Elementary Education, with 618 users. The data concerning the form of exposure showed that heterosexuals account for 50% of the cases, besides the decrease in notifications in injecting drug users over the studied period. Regarding marital status, it was observed that singles account for 36% of cases, followed by married, 33%, while the first showed a slight increase in recent years. There were 946 reported cases of AIDS and 264 records of patients infected with HIV; however, from 2009 reports of "HIV" exceeded those of AIDS. It was also observed a decrease in the number of deaths in the historical retrospective study. Future studies are needed to reinforce our findings and highlight trends in the AIDS epidemic in the city of São Carlos.