A produção de textos no ensino de língua: da constituição dos enunciados à constituição dos planos enunciativos
Galli, Glória Edini dos Santos
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The objective, in this paper, is to investigate the enunciative plans formation in narrative texts productions written in native language (Portuguese) from elementary school students II, 3rd and 4th cycles. In this approach, the research s central objective lies in the observation of enunciative plans confluence competing in the same text. When the students tried to reproduce the models, which the school works with, they rehearse to assume the place of subject, judging the narrated facts.To discuss this matter, we take for observation the subject marks, space and time generated by the lexical-grammatical relationships and constitutive implications of enunciative plans. Although one cannot say that these occurrences are characterized as errors, one also cannot say that these enunciation changes cannot generate disconnected texts. Therefore, it negatively influences the evaluations of school activities. Taking The Theory of Predicative and Enunciative Operations by Antoine Culioli as a theoretical axis, that favors the enunciative situation in the language constitution, we seek the linguistic marks and modal expressions in the statements that denunciate these different structures. The modal expressions lend us clues of enunciative operations activated by the subject, constituting the mode to enunciate from the enunciator subject. We propose that the teacher can lead the student to the knowledge of his/her own production process and work in the development of the student's discursive capacity based on the theoretical framework we adopted. However, the enunciative mechanisms that constitute the statements and generate the language process need to be known. We used as a standard in the analysis process: the determination marks and indeterminacy of the parameters of subject, space and time; the functioning of the statements by the discret, dense and compact typology, the notions that involve the weights of quantification and qualification. These transactions, analyzed together, enable us to determine the different enunciative plans. In other words, the History enunciative plan and the Speech plan, which correspond in the activities we work with, respectively, to the narrative and dissertative/argumentative texts.