Estudo de alterações metabólicas nos fungos endofíticos Penicillium brasilianum e Penicillium griseoroseum
Silva, José Vinícius da
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Microorganisms, known as being relatively simple, have shown a great adaptation power to different nutritional situations by changing their metabolism with lack or supply of nutrients in the culture medium. This feature allows a wide range of the use of microorganisms to produce metabolites with several interests. This study has been named OSMAC (One Strain Many Compounds) approach, which was applied in this study by using two fungi from Penicillium genus. Through culture medium modification with FeCl3 during growth of P. brasilianum, it was able to produce isoquinolinic alkaloid. On the other hand, the addition of CaCl2, another alkaloid belonging to tremogenic class was isolated and analysed by spectroscopic methods. When P. griseoroseum was cultivated with NH4Br, it was observed the production of a halogenated secondary metabolite, which was not reported before (brominated roquefortine C). Analyses by GC/MS led to detect three phenolic compounds with bromine atoms in its structure. The secondary metabolites of P. griseoroseum with no modification in the culuture medium were studied and three metabolites were isolated. Two of them belong to the tetronic acid class and the other one was isolated as a dimer from clavatol. Analyses by LC/ MS-MS were able to identify other tetronic acids in the ethyl acetate extract from P. griseoroseum.