Trajetórias de jovens em conflito com a lei: passado e presente
Machado, Dinair Ferreira
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The frequency of young in conflict with the law sets up with a social problem, whose solution is usually thought only from a process of education at the familiar scope. In the modernity, therefore, this responsibility turned out to be shared with the State. This research had, as general goal, to know according to the investigated youngster´s perception, the reasons and effects that took them to commit some infraction acts and others not to commit them. The study compared a group of young people that reported they had conflicts with the law with the other ones that, in the same research, reported not to commit this conflict, rebuilding their trajectory of life in their environment of socialization. These young people made part of a previous research made in the municipality of Botucatu in 2002, over the Public Health Department of Unesp / Botucatu. The interviews at the current job were made according to the young people´s history of life and their familiar, who were indicated by them like the biggest affective link: mother or father. It was tried to realize what differed the two groups from the point of view of the effects and dispositions. This is important to verge that the narratives were illuminated by a detachment of eight years from the moment of the first research, that is, the past was updated and rebuilt according to the new experiences. From the fifteen young people who were interviewed, eleven were male and four were female; two were at the prison and one had been murdered (these people´s histories of life were rebuilt based on the testimony of the family: mother or stepmother). Most of them were working (ten) and only three hadn´t concluded high school. From eight youngsters who related the conflict in the first interview, four didn´t have it anymore and the other four still had the conflict; from these, one was at the prison at the epoch of the current research and one had been murdered. From the seven youngsters who didn´t relate the conflict, four kept in this situation, three started having the conflict and one was at the prison. The trajectory of life of the youngsters was marked by situations that, for ones, had the role of protection and for others was factor of vulnerability, for example: the family, school, religion and friends. What differed the youngster´s choices was the meaning given by them for the experiences that they had lived.
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