Prevalência do transtorno do desenvolvimento da coordenação em crianças de 7 anos de idade matriculadas em escolas públicas do município de Itirapina-SP
Silva, Ana Flávia Rodrigues
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The Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) happens because of delay of development of children motor skills, which bring forth difficulties to do their daily activities. Therefore, it is necessary assume a number of diagnostic criteria to identify this disorder, to this end, we have adopted in this work, the identification criteria proposed by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in DSM-5. These criteria have started from empirical observation of researcher by instruments of patterns tests, targeted questionnaires to parents and direct observation of children. The main purpose of this thesis is identify the prevalence of Developmental Coordination Disorder In 7 Years Old Children Enrolled in Public Schools From Itirapina-Sp. Furthermore, the specific purposes of this thesis are: characterize the motor development of these children by application of instruments MABC-2 and DCDQ-Brasil; identify evidences of DCD in these children by application of instrument SNAP-IV and compare differences in motor development between genres. Sixty-three children enrolled in four public schools from Itirapina-Sp were assessed by application of the instrument MABC-2. The instrument DCDQ-Brasil was applied by interviews with parents or guardians. Likewise, the instrument SNAP-IV was applied by interviews with parents and guardians to identify children with ADHD. The prevalence of DCD in Itirapina was 7,93% of children, despite the fact of there was no statistic correlation between instruments. It is important highlight the necessity of instruments association in order to comply with criteria A and B, once there is no reports of a unique instrument able to comply with the proposition of DSM-5. Considering the criteria A and B, there was applied instruments MABC-2 and DCDQBrazil. Considering the criteria C and D, the researcher analyzed interviews with parents, guardians and schoolteachers to conclude about the necessity of a multidisciplinary research team to comply with this criteria in a properly. The group analyzed reveal a bigger rate of children with difficulty in handedness (61,1%). There was identified seven children with evidences of ADHD, however there was not possible to observe statistic correlation between instruments or ADHD comorbidity in DCD identified children. Moreover, there was no significant difference between genres. In conclusion, new multidisciplinary researches should be done in Brazil in order to comply with the four DCD identifying criteria proposed by DSM in them current version, once this research was the first identified study about this subject in Brazilian literacy until this date.