Implante coclear em uma criança com surdocegueira congênita: análise das ações comunicativas
Bertola, Vanisse Cristina Bussolo
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The objective of this study was to analyze the development of communicative actions in a child with congenital deafblindness after the Cochlear Implant (CI). The study took place in an inclusive public school with Service Center specializes in the area of Deafblind. Research it is a case study of a child with congenital deafblindness full, ie without hearing or visual residue and at eight was submitted to the IC. The child started the service in this center in 2011 and in 2013 passed the CI surgery, so in 2014 the device was activated, causing there was the possibility of communication using a sensory pathway. Data collection initially consisted of desk research in the records of the initial calls before the IC, then there was the interview with the mother, caregiver and teacher. still consisted with initial assessment through data collected in documentary research and final evaluation after the IC. To collect data after the IC, there were three weekly sessions lasting 3 hours, the comments were in attendance in activities such as reception, food, auditory stimulus and orientation and mobility. The data obtained were analyzed qualitatively according to the table of communicative competence levels, according to Rowland & Stremel-Campbell, adapted by Cambruzzi, considering them as a criterion for measuring the development of the child's communicative actions. The results showed progress in language acquisition, ie, the child presented intentional efficient communication using reference objects to express their desires and communicative actions to others. The family found itself without the support of a specialist that offers support to foster the process of communicative actions in their home environment. The results show a gradual development of communication levels after IC. However, it was noted that the presence of a qualified professional in the field of deafblindness paying attention not only the child is necessary, but family support for the success of communicative actions actually happen.