Relação da estrutura da paisagem mosaico Carajás, PA com a ocorrência de Anodorlynchus hyacinthinus (arara-azul-grade)
Conrado, Ludmila Pereira
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In Brazil, there are about 6,500 individuals of Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus (Hyacinth macaw) in wild, located in three physiognomically distinct regions. The specie is demanding as to breeding habitat, and can be regarded as feeding specialist. Currently, the species is endangered because the reduction of their originally habitat, as consequence of the disorderly process of land occupation. This process, broadly, causes negative effects on landscape, in particular the remaining native forest vegetation. In this context, the study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of Hyacinth macaw in mosaic Carajás landscape, considering the intrinsic characteristics of the landscape structure and biology of this species. We considered three regions of the Carajás mosaic: R1- Itacaiúnas river, R2-FLONA Itacaiúnas and, R3 - Canaã dos Carajás. The sampling of Hyacinth macaw was done through direct observation and calculated the frequency records for R1 (1.26 region/hour), R2 (0.38 reg./hour) and R3 (0.44 reg. /hour), and after, was estimated area of life for each region (R1 = 22187.87 ha; R2= 66397.0ha, R3 = 41841.2ha). We made the land-use/land-cover map to support evaluation of the landscape, through unsupervised classification of satellite images. The final map was reclassified two classes: forest and non-forest. The follow landscape metrics were calculated: distance between fragments (R2 = 499 m; R3 = 364m), midsize (R2 = 148,5ha; R3 = 10,6ha), the size of the largest fragment (R2 = 39.360,8ha; R3 = 888,1ha), and number of fragments (R2 = 337, R3 = 863). From the results, we can said that forested areas with riparian vegetation presence appear to be more propitious to Hyacinth macaw occurrence in the mosaic Carajás, Pará, Brazil, but the preference for open areas is not ruled out. Furthermore, the species occupy different degraded patterns landscape, because there is a large displacement capacity and proximity to the mosaic. Atropism and interaction with other species, such as red macaws may be other factors that affect the distribution of species in the Carajás region.