Astronomia no ensino médio: uma proposta de sequência didática
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Astronomy classes in the high school, are usually used only to elucidate some physical issues when they could be addressed in a way to make students learn physics using astronomy. Astronomy is no longer a curricular subject for a long time, but belongs of the physics curriculum and can be taught to high school students through the structuring theme Universe, Earth and life. This work developed a didactic sequence that addresses the theme the Solar System and Stellar Evolution, to be applied in high school initial series. Our intention is to provide the teacher a study that it is possible to make the astronomy classes attractive to students, boosters and able to keep students intrested in physics. The proposed activities are based on many teaching methodologies that fit according to the content to be worked making more relaxed classes, where the student is no longer mere supporting and becomes an essential part of the process. In the project development was revealed that several students who at first were reluctant, yielded to the methodology proposed by the didactic sequence, spontaneously started to participate. We also noted, after the analyses of the results with qualitative data, that students were more engaged in the learning process, facilitating the development of the proposed abilities, ensuring the skills needed to finish the process.