Formulação e circulação da imagem feminina no discurso midiático : efeitos de sentidos nas práticas discursivas publicitárias
Conti, Raquel da Rocha
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The way new discursive materialities work in advertising media is our focus in this work, being our main objective to analyze how these materialities reflect in discursive practices that are constructed and reinforced in the scope of media texts, specifically in commercials. To that end, we based our theoretical-methodological approach in the Franco-Brazilian Discourse Analysis, especially with the contributions of Michel Pêcheux and Eni Orlandi, also using the theoretical contribution of the studies of Michel Foucault and Debord, in order to understand the exercise of power through the mediatic discourse, in which we understand that there is the control of the speech due to economic, social and political ends that reinforce the relations of force inside the social practices, affecting ideologically the subjects, who are immersed in the symbolic and spectacular representations in advertising speech. Our object of study consists of seven commercials, two of them of women‟s underwear by the brand Duloren, three of them of beer by the brands Antarctica and Devassa and the remaining two of the Motel Lemon. Our analysis was made from four discursive sequences, in which we analyzed the slogans, the images (color and layout), the physical and ideological positioning of the female image and the title. We understand that these elements, common in the construction of advertising, constitute the ideological, social and historical mark that inscribes the subject in different discursive formations, retake forgotten discourses in the imaginary and reconstruct them under other conditions of production, questioning the subjects and making them identify with the ideological formation that is conveyed by the product / service being sold. The considerations derived from this research led us to reflect on these effects of meanings, which tend to represent women, through certain discursive practices that evidence a confrontation of discourses and accentuate other discourses that are reconstructed and reformulated in an apparent new discursive event. Thus, it is necessary to consider the media not only as a means of information, but as a strong ideological instrument that reproduces recurrent discursive practices that are the reflection of the devaluation of the female figure, due to a socio-historical condition and reinforced by the market industry. However, there is resistance in the effects of meanings that are reproduced in commercials, since there is no single meaning that stabilizes in this object.