Peculiaridades do exercício da função autor em redes sociais : uma análise discursiva de “mensagens compartilhadas” pelo Facebook
Rosin, Pâmela da Silva
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This dissertation derives from the continuation of reflections started in previous researches (scientific initiation and term paper), when we use the discursive analysis of a “new” type of text, formed by short phrases published in social networks, such as Facebook. Those phrases present a particular formal structure, and their meanings play different roles in virtual interaction. We designate those “phrases” circling in the virtual environment, which are selected, highlighted, and have images added to help build a universal text, as shared messages. We focus, at this master’s research, therefore, to the analysis of constitution and sharing practices of some messages with pieces of text from books and interviews, which enunciation are related to contemporary literary authors renowned in Brazil – like Caio Fernando Abreu and Clarice Lispector, and others that although have fewer cultural prestige, show a wide renown between groups of young readers, i.e. Tati Bernardi. This way, our corpus is made of messages from three sharing pages: O Mundo De Caio Fernando Abreu e Clarice Lispector; Caio, Tati e Clarice o que me diz; and Trechos de Livros. All these pages dedicate to publish messages related to the authors in their names or that present a collection of pieces of text from various recent published books, from which is common posting messages with authorship given to Caio Fernando Abreu and Clarice Lispector, specifically. In this dissertation, evidences of how the authorship works along with the construction and sharing of those messages are analyzed, through a formal analysis of them, as well as an analysis of the readers’ comments about the authorship, under the theoretical-methodological perspective of two contemporary theories that allow us to study the question of reading: the french Discourse Analysis, and specially the theories from works of Michel Foucault about the “author function”; and the Cultural History of reading, mainly about the works of Roger Chartier about reading actually – theories that, in their articulation, allow us to list permanencies and mutations through which our actual reading practices go. We observe that, although recent, the production and sharing of those speeches are submitted to an authorship working mechanism relatively similar to printed order. About the readers’ comments, we notice two speaking forms: one that copy, in a certain way, the form and content expressed by the messages, applying aspects of the “poetic function”, at the author’s style at expressing its impressions about the message; and another one that focuses on questioning the authorship of those speeches, citing the original sources of the texts, or questioning and recognizing vestiges that allow the identification of a correct authorship attribution in those messages. This way, we can analyze some characteristics of this new reader’s/author’s profile that emerge with the creation and diffusion of new technologies.