Discursos da mídia sobre a legislação do trabalho doméstico no Brasil
Paludetto, Diane Heire Silva
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Hardly ever can one glimpse professional or personal progress in a domestic work, which is known for being underrated, due to its so-called "lower valued" functions, also counting on less labor rights. Under the structures of power relations, the discourses related to domestic work in Brazil mostly include the discussion of justice in relation to a multiplicity of statements that give rise to conflicts between classes and, consequently, incite actions in search of a more dignified treatment. In this field full of asymmetries and inequalities, especially with regard to labor rights, the media discourse occupies a privileged place in the construction and propagation of "truths”. Hence, the interest in analyzing the media discourses about the labor laws regarding domestic work in Brazil. Once the social aspirations of the category gained weight from the Consolidation of Labor Laws, occurred in 1943, this historic event is chosen as a starting point to investigate the impact of media discourse about the legislation over the subject and, as arrival point, it is elected the recent Constitutional Amendment n. 72, 2013. Thus, in order to describe the materiality of media statements and its insertion into discursive formations, the corpus to be analyzed consists of news published in the last 80 years in the media vehicles with strong expression as formers of Brazilian opinion. The analysis of the media’s role in the production and circulation of meanings and transformation of discursive practices is achieved from the theoretical perspective of the French Discourse Analysis, plus the Michel Foucault’s contributions to the study of discourse, and also from Albert Hirschman and Marc Angenot with regard to them formulations about the reactionary rhetoric.