A trajetória política tenentista enquanto processo: do Forte de Copacabana ao Clube 3 de Outubro (1922-1932)
Viviani, Fabrícia Carla
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This work analyzes the Tenentismo (lieutenants´ movement) ´s political trajectory from 1922, date of its appearance, to 1932, moment when the October 3rd Club created the Sketch for the Social and Political Reconstruction of Brazil. Its central aim is to detect how, during this period, the Tenentismo made a transit from a military group, defending institutional interests, to a political group, formulating a project for the society as a whole, that is, it changed from a reacting to a proposing movement. That being so, the hypothesis here considered is that the construction of the movement as a political actor coincided with its manifestations in the national scenery between 1922 and 1932. Supposedly, this transformation happened due to the fact that the lieutenants emerged from a historical moment of modernization of the Brazilian society and of the Armed Forces, and the interaction with this scenario forged its collective identity, and made it capable of interfering with the process of social change. For this purpose, starting from the idea that the Tenentismo was under construction, we will analyze the documents produced during this period by both the São Paulo and the Rio de Janeiro segments. Thus, the methodology employed is the primary analysis of Tenentismo´s manifestos, programs, handouts and letters from the period, since we believe the texts produced by these actors are the intellectual product of reflections, formulations, re-significations that oriented them towards action.