A Fruição Estética dos Jogos Teatrais no Filosofar
Mendes, Fábio Pereira
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In this study we will examine how theater art and theater education can be a teaching procedure conducive to philosophical reflection in the classroom and to the production of knowledge in the discipline of Philosophy in the state public school, that is, as the aesthetic enjoyment of theatrical games and theater can be a viable and empowering way to philosophize in the classroom with young High School students. Although they possess distinct territories, the theater presenting itself as a scenic expression for aesthetic appreciation and Philosophy as a critical reflection on man and the world as a whole, we aim to relate some approximations between Theater and Philosophy through the aesthetic reflection of Friedrich Nietzsche's tragic thinking and the psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud as well as his commentators. We also sought to analyze the possibility of the use of dramatic education and the Theatrical Games System in teaching Philosophy, through some categories of theatrical aesthetics in the educational context, from the studies of Richard Courtney, Richard Schechner, Viola Spolin, Ingrid Koudela among others, in the reflection on the viability of theater teaching procedures with the proposal of the philosophical initiation of High School students of the public school of the State of São Paulo Education Secretariat. The theme of this study focused on the value of the aesthetic enjoyment of theatrical games in philosophizing in the classroom is also developed as a criticism and as a possible alternative among many, of transgression to the neoliberal model of Philosophy Teaching by competences and habilities prescribed in the didactic material in support of the Philosophy Curriculum of the São Paulo State Secretariat of Education (Teacher's Notebook and Student Notebook - Volumes 1 and 2 of the Philosophy Course) and also seeks to subsidize the Professor of Philosophy, a layman in Theater Art, in relation to some books of methodologies of the teaching of theater in the classroom which are available in school’s libraries of the State Teaching Network.