A trajetória sindical do MOSEP na educação básica do Maranhão (1997 a 2004)
Bastos, James Dean
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This work analyzes the origin and the trajectory of the Opposition Movement in the Public Education of the Maranhão (MOSEP), during the years from 1997 to 2004. To assay this study object, it was made the theoretical-methodological option of Historical-Dialectical Materialism - according to this, a social phenomenon does not occur isolated, connects to historical, economic, cultural and political determinants, which reveal its essence (constitution) and its form (performance). In this manner, the theoretical-methodological option enabled to construct the epistemic object, traversed by conjectures until it to reach the fundamental question. The crossing started from the search for the comprehension that the analyzed social phenomenon has connection with the work organization in the capital form, in the order of contradictory and antagonistic relations between capital and work. We sought to find the roots of the workers organization from the 19th to the 20th century, exposing the foundations and principles of the antagonistic relationship between capital and labor, to understand workers as a social class, their political organization and their perspectives with a view to struggles beyond their capital, in defense of another society, truly human. Tied to such fundamentals and principles, the workers organization was presented in Brazilian territory, without losing sight of the influences of these historical roots, a moment in which the organization of workers in education was also contextualized and the creation of their entities as instruments of struggles throughout the 20th century. Thus, it analyzed the maranhense context, identifying the emergence of the political organization of teachers of basic education in the Maranhão state - the Association of Teachers of Maranhão (APEMA), in a dialogue with the research works produced by Maria de Fátima Gonçalves (2006), Wagner Costa (2006) Arleth Borges (2008), Robson Silva (2013), José Brussio (2015) and Vanessa Dantas (2016). In this meaning, it constitutes an intricate and extensive context capable of situating the emergence, trajectory and dissolution of MOSEP, its contradictions and antagonisms with the agenda that guided the basic education policy of the state government and with the direction of the teachers union in the figures of Lucimá Góes de Sousa and the PCdoB group, in the dispute for the direction of the “Sindicato dos Trabalhadores em Educação Básica das Redes Públicas Estadual e Municipais do Maranhão – SINPROESEMMA”. Therefore, MOSEP trajectory was explained as a union opposition in Maranhão education, concluding that it was a movement characterized as a political vanguard, based on its struggle schedule, planned and developed throughout its performance and the non-political connection to hegemonic groups.
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