Os córregos do entorno escolar: proposta de educação ambiental através de temas geradores
Arjonas, Victor Holanda
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Environmental education is a transversal component that must be worked on at all levels of education in order to make it possible to understand the natural, social and political environment, raising awareness among populations about the importance of preserving the environment and the struggle for a more sustainable and fair society. The approach of local environmental issues and discussions between teachers, students and community seeking the overcoming of socio-environmental realities are essential for the construction of critical, liberating and transforming knowledge. Thus, this work seeks to analyze the socioenvironmental conditions of the Éden neighborhood, in Sorocaba-SP, raising the issue of water in an affluent stream of the Pirajibu-Mirim River, during a six-month period collecting samples of water bimonthly to analize physical- chemical parameters such as conductivity, chemical oxygen demand (COD), pH, turbidity and microfauna analysis using optical microscopy. It was verified that the release of effluents and residues changed the physicochemical and ecological parameters of this environment. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the suspension of face-to-face presential classes in schools throughout the State of São Paulo, the teaching proposal could not be applied, but using the information collected, it is proposed to use a progressive, transformative and liberating alternative to environmental education through the use of codifications-decodings and problematizations based on the Generating Themes method through the approach of the water pollution by industrial waste and urban sewage in a stream located on the path that students living in Jardim dos Pássaros, in the Eden neighborhood, use to arrive at Professor Doutor Gualberto Moreira and Professor Doutor Francisco Coccaro State Schools.
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