As condições subjetivas e objetivas do trabalho docente no processo de inclusão de crianças na educação infantil : uma análise sob a perspectiva da Defectologia de Vigotsky
Barreto, Selva Maria Guimarães
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The present study aimed identify and analyze the conceptions expressed by Early Childhood Education professors on the inclusion process of children with special teaching needs in the Basic Education Level based on the Defectology Theory structured by Vigotsky (1997) and recognize, analyze and comment the subjective and objective working conditions that subsidize the thoughts and actions executed by professors during the inclusion process of children with special teaching needs in Early Childhood Education in the city of Sao Carlos. Thus, primary retrospective document researches and contemporary writings were conducted, along with the association of secondary data gathering and analysis. Documentary sources were public (official documents and parliamentary publication) and particular documents, associated with the qualitative and quantitative descriptive exploratory field research. Data gathering occurred with the recording and transcription of two interviews conducted with six Early Childhood Education professors from the city of Sao Carlos. All interviewers graduated in Pedagogy and present a teaching assignment position for more than five years. They were examined with three analysis guidelines established upon the goals determined for the present research: guideline 1 -subjective working conditions of the interviewed professors; guideline 2 objective working conditions of the interviewed professors; guideline 3 subjective and objective working conditions of the interviewed professors regarding the Inclusion-Exclusion of Children with Special Teaching Needs in Early Childhood in the city of Sao Carlos. The answers provided by the professors seemed to indicate a resistance to such process motivated by the lack of required information and knowledge regarding the professional performance, a personal feeling in synchrony with social meaning of the teaching profession manifested in the interviews, and an urgent need to review the salary policy of education professionals.