Dialética negativa, teoria estética e educação: experiência formativa e racionalidade estética em Theodor W. Adorno
Romeiro, Artieres Estevão
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This study aims at analyzing the links between philosophy and art in the development of an emancipatory education. This theme is justified by the need to promote in society an education that, in fact, leads to emancipation, and not the reification of technical knowledge. If, in Dialectic of Enlightenment, Adorno and Horkheimer denounce the technical rationality and demonstrate how such a paradigm leads to barbarism, which rationality can lead to emancipation? Seeking answers to such problem, three studies were carried out. The first deals with the erudition and technical rationality in the context of cultural industry. The second investigates the Negative Dialectics and the effort to overcome the reductionism of identity through concepts constructed in a dissonant and constellatory way. Finally, the third turns to the Aesthetics Theory and investigates the negative and liberating potential of art that consolidates an aesthetic rationality. The three studies originate from a bibliographic research that resulted in a text that sought to approach the essay form, coherently with Adorno s negative epistemological proposal. The three parts articulate categories towards proposing an emancipatory rationality through art, which we will call aesthetic rationality; alternative way to overcome the latent barbarism in technical rationality.