As escolas no campo e as salas multisseriadas no Estado de São Paulo : um estudo sobre as condições da educação escolar
Basso, Jaqueline Daniela
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In this research we tried to describe and analyze the education conditions in the rural area in the state of São Paulo, according to the historic and economic facts that produced this reality. For this reason, first we made a historical research about the maintenance of the schools in the rural area of the state, inside de process of implementation of the School Groups, a ruralist pedagogical movement and the purpose to the rural education renovation, in 1932. After we discussed the neoliberalism and Wolrd Bank power inside the Brazilian economy and education, so, we discussed two special questions that are part of the rural education since the end of the eighties. The first one is if the rural education should be named in or of the countryside and the second one is about the nucleation process and the fact that many rural schools were closed in the state of São Paulo since 1988, which influenced directly in the number of schools and multisseriate classrooms in the rural area in São Paulo as such as in the content of students who live in this field and are daily took to schools in other communities, in the countryside or in the towns. Considering all these questions, we dedicated to the conditions of the rural education in the state of São Paulo, showing and analyzing some features as the number of registrations, schools and seriate and multisseriate groups in this area. We also discussed some other questions, as the transportation of the students, the Active School Program, which tried to answer the multisseriate groups and the teacher´s formation to work with these groups in the rural area. Finally, we realized a delimitation with some cities in the state of São Paulo that have schools in the rural area, then we tried to visualize the material conditions as such as the availability of information and communication technologies in the schools of the rural area in our state. So, with this research we want to make clear some questions about the education in the countryside of the state of São Paulo and give tools to new researches in this area.