A Lei 12.711/12 e as expectativas educacionais de jovens negros do ensino médio público
Costa, Paulo Roberto da
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This study investigates the influence of Law 12.711/12 on the educational expectations of graduating young black high school of Paulo de Almeida Nogueira School of Cosmopolis - SP. Racial inequalities in Brazilian society, particularly in the federal public university, have been combated by the Brazilian State with Affirmative Action Policies for blacks in education. The Law 12.711/12 created the reserve positions of Federal Institutions of Higher Education for students, blacks and indigenous people, public school. The field research was conducted in two phases. At first, a questionnaire to all graduating junior high school has been applied. In the second, we interviewed fourteen young blacks. We found the prevalence of the myth of racial ideologies of democracy and meritocracy in positions of black youth as ways to cover up racial inequality and, in turn, deny the Affirmative Action Policy, in particular the Law 12.711/12. Affirmative Action policies are the result of social struggles of black movements to combat racial inequality covert racism, prejudice and racial discrimination. However, we found ambiguity in the positions of the research subjects in relation to the law, because they do not adhere to the waves of reserve policies to access the public university because they consider that are not inferior by race and skin color - they believe in equality as structuring of race relations. On the other, question the precariousness of public school that does not prepare them to have access to public higher education. They consider that young people from private schools have more access to public universities. We note, too, that their positions are aligned with the space that his parents occupy in capitalist society. The survey results showed that the Law 12.711/12 does not influence the educational expectations of young black public high school, for expressing wish to enter the labor market and continue studies in technical courses and / or private universities.