Escola no campo e trabalho: percepções e expectativas profissionais de estudantes do ensino médio do distrito de Santa Eudóxia – São Carlos/SP
Souza, Danilo Felisberto de
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This master's thesis seeks to investigate the perceptions and expectations regarding the job market of high school students at Escola Estadual Professora Alice Madeira João Francisco, present in the rural district of São Carlos. This school is part of one of the school units of the Education Board of the city of São Carlos – SP – and is located in the rural district of the city, 30km from the urban center. The research is contextualized in the period of productive restructuring of capital and aims to know what the effects are of political theories, such as “learning to learn” and competence pedagogy on high school students present in this school. To carry out the field research, a questionnaire was developed, using Google forms, applied to 3rd-year students and high school graduates. In the first chapter we rescue the process of territorial and economic formation of this fragment of space, the district of Santa Eudóxia, since its beginning. It is a territory composed of workers from migratory processes to the interior region of the state of São Paulo. The social formation of the municipality and the district are linked to the development of economic activitiessuch as coffee. In this direction, we understand that the district is formed by black people, Italian immigrants and northeastern people.Historically, it was a region dedicated to planting and monoculture coffee, and, currently, sugarcane, oranges, peanuts, soybeans and cattle raising. In the second chapter, we discuss capitalism's response to the social welfare model, the productive restructuring of capital. We present the pedagogical theories aimed at students from state schools, and, in the specific case of the State School of the research, the new São Paulo school curriculum, and the pedagogical influences of “learning to learn” and competence pedagogy. In the third chapter, through the data obtained by applying the questionnaire, we will discuss the role of the school, and of High School, according to the perspectives of these young children of rural and urban workers and verify how they currently assess Secondary Education, whether the school is still capable of attracting youth in view of the great technological changes of today.
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