Autoridade enfraquecida, violência escolar e trabalho pedagógico : a percepção de professores sobre a ruptura dos vínculos de afeto e os mal-estares no magistério
Pereira, Antonio Igo Barreto
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This study discusses details of a subject that has become urgent in recent times, namely school violence in their relationships with the loss of school authority. We investigated the links between disempowerment and school violence against a teacher in a primary education institution and identify their possible effects on teaching. The research sought to provide voice to the subject victimized by disempowerment and violence and to bring out important subjective aspects not be picked up by the immediate perception that prioritizes the material and objective questions. The methodological approach of the research was a mixed nature (quantitative and qualitative), based on the assumptions of Santos Filho and Gamboa (2009) and Creswel (2010). The research is delineated as exploratory, with case study format and was held in a state public high school in the city of Rio Branco (AC). Data collection was done in two stages: preliminary (documental) and main (semistructured interview and questionnaire enclosed). The subjects were 35 teachers and 106 students. Quantitative data were processed with the help of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and qualitative data were interpreted by the method of content analysis proposed by Bardin (2011) and Franco (2012). Among the theoretical framework that served as the basis for analyzes and interpretations performed, it highlights Arendt (2013), Adorno (2011), Adorno and Horkheimer (1985 and 1973), Michaud (2001), Delumeau (2007), Freud (1930 / 2010 1921/2011) and Esteve (1999). To indicate that these authors, the crisis of tradition and authority has cost dearly to the teacher because his office keeps a strong connection to the past, from which it takes the basics and essential knowledge to their practice. The teachers, even the most qualified, complain about facing serious problems in school today due to the weakening of their authority, as the violence of the students, the consequences of which have been fraying and the professional frustration. Many end up sick or even quitting the profession because they can not do their work and are not rewarded as they would wish.