Avaliação da grade curricular e conhecimentos de residentes em pediatria sobre vigilância do desenvolvimento.
Barba, Patrícia Carla de Souza Della
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Studies have shown that developmental surveillance is an important task to be performed by the pediatrician and its objective is to precociously identify children who may need more complex evaluation as well as provide information about their development and not only their physical health. It also makes possible a definite diagnosis and the elaboration of an interdisciplinary plan of care for children in order to undergo early intervention. Other studies indicate that the pediatricians´ knowledge regarding developmental surveillance and their use of instruments to accomplish this practice is defective. Despite the fact that just a few perform developmental surveillance, they consider this issue important and demonstrate interest in updating themselves. According to these studies, the pediatricians should update their knowledge concerning development aspects and risk factors, use sorting techniques and lead the child presenting development delay to early stimulation programs. The general objective of this work is to analyze the knowledge related to health promotion, developmental surveillance and pediatric residents´ perception of babies´ delays in the state of São Paulo by analyzing the curriculum description and the performance in questionnaires. The curriculum guidelines from MEC (Brazilian Education Ministry) for pediatric residence teaching, the relation of vacancies for this specialty and the curriculum of seven medical pediatric residence courses in the state of São Paulo were analyzed, with the objective of identify elements concerning developmental surveillance in pediatric teaching (first stage). In the second stage of this study, the data regarding developmental surveillance practices and the knowledge about children s development were collected and correlated. It was carried out by the replication of two questionnaires, which were answered by 65 first and second-year pediatric residents of five specialization courses in the state of São Paulo. According to the analysis of MEC´s curriculum guidelines in relation to the subjects to be studied about developmental surveillance, it is possible to assert that they are general and non-specific, and the curriculums are superficial and not clear enough to make the identification of the practices related to developmental surveillance possible. Only one course of this research has the necessary requirements that allow the identification of elements related to this topic. The results of the second stage has shown that the majority of pediatric residents has different attitudes compared to the ones performed by doctors who are dealing with children s health for longer time. These different attitudes may reduce the efficacy of the developmental surveillance carried out by pediatricians. The correlation between the pediatric teaching and the residents´ knowledge about developmental surveillance has shown that the courses which have higher average in the questionnaires also have better developmental surveillance s contents described in their curriculums. The residents who justified why they ask or not the mothers about development and the ones who confirmed the use of evaluation scales had higher scores in the questionnaire. This study proposes further investigation related to the continuous professional development for pediatric residents, distance learning, the use of Moodle tools and topics such as: Promotion of health concept and developmental surveillance, non-identified precocious delays consequences, protocols about developmental surveillance, guidelines for normal infant development to the pediatricians, identification of development delays, and quick and easy measures to be used during practice and inserted in institutional dynamics. Using these results as a basis, a contribution to the pediatrician s mobilization regarding the importance of developmental surveillance and precocious identification of children with development delay is expected.