Relações dialógicas entre professores surdos sobre o ensino de Libras
Albres, Neiva de Aquino
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The object of this research is the formation of the Brazilian sign language teacher (Libras), in particular, pedagogically. The study about the Libras teaching and teachers formation is a new subject. Herein, I discuss some international experiences focused on the formation of the sign language teacher. A link is created between the formation conditions and the public policies for the formation of teachers, describing the syllabus for the Brazilian course, once the subjects for this research are submitted thereto. I compiled elements for the formation of teachers based on Bakhtinian studies for a methodology for teaching/studying languages. This work is structured as a field research carried out with teachers graduated with a Teaching Certification in Libras under the distance learning system coordinated by the Federal University of Santa Catarina. A Libras "back-talk focus group" was established, which was constituted by five deaf teachers, and the researcher acting as the group s mediator. The meetings were scheduled monthly, for one year (ten meetings with duration of two and half hours each). It was made a video recording and translation/transcription of these meetings. Based on the group enunciations, events discussing pedagogic practices and conceptions were selected. Based on the dialectical method, principles raised by Vygotsky (1998) were used, wherein the processes are analyzed and not only the object/product alone, articulating the microgenetic level of social interactions with the study of the dialogical-discursive behavior. Thus, elements from specific events were associated to macrosocial conditions. On a theoretical-methodological reference, the researcher sought support in historical-cultural approach theories, in particular, in the ideas published by Vygotsky and Bakhtin, which find its foundations on the enunciation and mediation, highlighting the importance of the role of our life s history, of our language and of our experiences in the constructions of our conscience. The concepts of meaning and sense were applied; the concept of dialogic; proper wording and the word of others; enunciation, ideology and enunciation, associating these concepts in order to understand the formation of teachers and the Libras teaching processes. The object hereof is limited to understand the history of formation of Libras teachers in Brazil, and the nature of the knowledge (scientific/technical) destined thereto at the time of the initial formation. The hypothesis was that, even with an initial formation, teachers presented theoretical-practical difficulties in their teaching performance. Upon the analysis of aspects of the initial formation and the enunciations of the group of teachers, it was interpreted the manner in which they signify and resignify their work, and how they apply their methodological knowledge to teach this language. Therefore, the analysis was carried out under three categories: 1) meaning and sense of the teaching work; 2) theory and practice in the teaching-learning process of the language; 3) political ideology and conscience. A thesis was established in which the formation of the Libras teachers must take into consideration the pedagogic practice as a political and didactic action within discursive contexts, providing the future teachers the understanding that the language is not an abstraction described by linguistics (solid), but that it is a part of the enunciation process. For this reason, the language is frequently mobilized by the active understanding, the teacher, therefore, being responsible for creating and conducting interactions that make Libras learners to take over manners to signify the world in this sign-visual language. This knowledge may favor the formation of future Libras teachers.