Avaliação de um programa de atividades físicas sistematizadas para adultos com deficiência intelectual
Ribeiro, Bruna Noemi
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Many people with intellectual disabilities have been deprived of experiences of physical activity, leisure, culture, among others, throughout life, by no offering programs and the historical process of repression in society. The deprivation of motor experiences may generate insufficient learning and development of fundamental motor skills, essential for the satisfactory implementation of activities of daily living, from anyone. Consequently, these conditions can affect your quality of life. Therefore, this research aims to develop, implement and evaluate a program of regular physical activity in physical education classes, for adults with intellectual disabilities, checking possible changes in the ability to walk, run, sit, stand, jump and balance held by these people. This research has described an institutional reality, configuring it as a research-action, involving the participation of adult learners with intellectual disabilities and their parents or guardians, an intern at the Physical Education course, in addition to the researcher. Results were obtained from interviews with those responsible for the students, the analysis of field notes, individual sheets of evaluation of activities, lesson plans and assessment tests of motor skills. The data have to see that there was significant improvement in student performance in relation to motor skills worked in firearms. However, much of this success, the program has provided noticeable improvement of emotional and relational skills of participating students, emphasizing the spirit of cooperation that blossomed between them from the proposed activities. Thus, one can assume that rises and settles from there, self-confidence, one of the requirements for independent living. It is recommended that a new thinking about the need for greater encouragement of the development and implementation of programs for people with disabilities, think about this, supported by the appropriation of the conditions that have to do during the execution of this research and that resulted in an intense and meaningful transformation for all involved in this research.