Perfil Comunicativo de Usuária de Comunicação Alternativa na Interação com Diferentes Parceiros
Moreschi, Cândice Lima
MetadataShow full item record
The alternative communication has been used over the past years as a communication resource for people who, for whatever reason, are temporarily or permanently with its loss-making oral communication. However, the fact that a person make use of this resource in their daily life does not ensure that effective communication is established between the interlocutors, especially among the resource user and a partner without deficits in oral communication. You must then check how effective this communication resource becomes during the interactive process. Therefore, this study aimed to trace the communicative profile of Alternative Communication Systems user, nonverbal during situations of interaction with their partners. Participated in this research: a child of 6 years and 6 months (target), mother and educator of their child and a classmate. For comparison between the results obtained with the non-verbal child, also participated in the study a child without speech disorders (control) of 6 years and 5 months and a classmate. Data collection took place in three stages: 1.obtenção data on communication, language and cognition of the target participant: accomplished through the application of standardized reviews, semi-structured interviews, checklists and rating scales; 2. Evaluation of communicative skills of the target participant and control: application of the understanding of evidence, production and conversation; 3.percepções of participants: semi-structured interviews with the participant's target research and its partners on the entire data collection process. The data analysis revealed the use of the communication system by family members in different situations and difficulties encountered in the school environment, reported by the mother and child educator regarding the use of this system. The chekclists and rating scales traced the communicative profile of target participants, highlighting the interactive situations more easily communicated by children. In comprehension tasks, production and conversation were evident how the child without oral communication uses the feature to communicate. In their interactions, often used key elements of the drawings and videos submitted to it to transmit information. Thus, it was concluded that although the child without oral communication use the communication feature in most interactions, this system does not have enough symbols to establish effective communication; the child then makes use of gestures, vocalizations and mother of assistance to be able to communicate their desires and feelings which makes the slow and difficult communication. To trace the communicative profile of an alternative communication resource user, it sought this study was to warn the possible gaps in the implementation of alternative sources of communication, both in the making of these as in therapeutic activities working its use in different contexts.