O ensino do método Halliwick em cursos Lato sensu e interfaces com a educação especial
Arzolla, Maria Cristina Dal Pozzo
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Aquatic therapy is a method of prevention and rehabilitation of handicap. Its specialized learning methods enables motor training and independence in the fluid environment and, therefore, provides a better life quality to individuals. Among the methods used for water interaction with handicapped people, the Halliwick method encompasses a sequence of motor learning pleasurously and actively developed through music and games. With the expansion of aquatic therapy in Brazil, the Halliwick method has been taught in Improvement and Graduate programs in public and private universities. This study investigated the content and teaching method of the Halliwick in Lato sensu courses in the state of Sao Paulo. A qualitative research based on Dialectical Materialism was developed. The praxis category was used to direct the analysis and the confrontation with empiric categories, constructed a posteriori. The sampling involved 3 Lato sensu courses (shortterm graduate programs). Questionnaires were answered by students, and professors from these programs were interviewed, and so were international instructors from Improvement courses. Data were crossed by the Triangulation technique and systematized by Idea Association Maps. Results show that students need to redo the Halliwick method due to unsatisfactory number of hours of the course (16 hours), which presents superficial contents and excessive amount of exercises. Students consider that they need to feel safer with and have more experience in handling handicapped people in future interventions in fluid environment. We conclude that interactional methodologies allow for the compensation of the lack of experience by students and provide a systematization of a teaching procedure of the Halliwick method in graduate programs, defining a form that contributes, as a product, to the inclusion of handicapped people.