Formação de professores e a interveniência das diretrizes curriculares nacionais da pedagogia para educação especial
Rezende, Evelin Oliveira de
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This research aims to study the issue of pedagogue initial training and also to investigate which concept the last year undergraduate students from Pedagogy Courses have on Special Education in the inclusive education perspective and; how the Especial Education from inclusive education perspective has been considered in two Pedagogy Courses; analyze from Pedagogic National Curricular Guidelines how we contemplate the teacher formation articulated with the Special Education. The study is theoretically based on three guiding principles: initial teacher education, initial training interfaces with the Special Education and public policies that describe Special Education. The study included 28 students from the last year of Pedagogy Courses. The data collection was conducted in two institutions of higher learning located in two medium-sized cities in the State of São Paulo. The instruments used were questionnaires and documents from the Pedagogy Courses studied. Data analysis consisted of qualitative approach with content analysis technique to the questionnaire data and qualitative approach with document analysis technique to analyze the documents related to the Political Pedagogical Project, the curricular matrix and the amendments of the disciplines from two Pedagogy Courses. The results reveal that the undergraduate students do not feel prepared to work with the Special Education theme; it is observed that it is necessary a harmony between the Pedagogy Course initial training for the teaching reality and the pedagogical practice in the inclusive education school context. Regarding the analysis results of two curricular matrixes, the data show that both courses studied provide little discussion in the Special Education Field, in order to meet the guidelines established by the National Curriculum Guidelines for Pedagogy Course from the CNE/CP No 1/2006 since they offer at least one required course on Special Education in their curricular matrix, which looks forward to approaching content related , among others, to teacher training that aims to identify, get in contact and work with special need students enrolled in regular schools. The terms of the student needs related to training in Special Education centralize the demands that disorganize or that disadvantage the academic teaching support and the initial training linked to the initiation to teaching. It is proposed that the Pedagogy Course curricular matrixes focus on the interdisciplinary work, in which professors seek for the theorical articulation, practice and that they inter-relate the different contents through Special Education theme aiming the teacher education for the inclusive reality in the educational environment. In the two courses studied, it was noted the intention, even if small, to consolidate more and more the interdisciplinary space in the academic setting.